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Spoon, bear, pacifier ... Around 6 months, your baby begins to throw vigorously what passes in his hands and you to pick up. Simple experience? Surrounding test? Willing to play? A little of the three!
He throws everything away, what takes him?
- For you, the most obvious reason for this little carousel is to put you to the test. He's waiting to see how you're going to react ... Are you going into his little game? Will you yield to his mischievous gaze that accompanies his gesture? Certainly, he undoubtedly evaluates his power of seduction.
- This gesture teaches him to master the absence. By throwing the object far in front of him, your toddler creates an absence that is not without reminding him of the separation lived between him and you. And to tame his anguish, nothing better than "playing to be afraid".
- It's also a boost to language. Living absence is necessary to access it. Your child will name all the better things that they will appear far away, differentiated from himself. He first mimics the noise caused by the fall, trains it to pronounce it and calls the missing object.
- By separating voluntarily from an object, he gradually becomes aware of his own (his body) and what is external to him (the object). It differentiates the interior from the outside. This perception will help him, later, in the acquisition of cleanliness.
In throwing, he learns
- Handle, throw, watch for the fall.... This little game that your child appreciates evolves over the months according to his progress.
- Around 6 months, your baby takes hold of objects that you give him and because he is naturally curious, he ends by throwing them out to observe them otherwise. It's an excellent learning for his senses. He listens ... it makes different sounds, depending on the object that falls to the ground. He looks ... From a distance, the shape changes. Quick, he wants to start again and asks you with a smile or loudly.
- Time goes by and your toddler is more mobile. To grab the teddy bear and raise it, he bends, crawls on all fours and walks soon. All these experiences stimulate his motor development.
How to react ?
- Should we fit or let go? Sure, the first few times, it amuses you too! He is so touching. Especially as soon as his object launched, his face expresses the most diverse emotions. Then you find it less fun to drop every two minutes.
- Do not pick up every time. Certainly, your toddler needs you as long as he does not move. From here to bend to all his desires ... No way to pick up twenty times! To mark him limits is necessary.
- Know how to stay sometimes in withdrawal. He threw down his blanket, and he's waiting for you to give it back to him ... let him get by. You will encourage him to develop his inventiveness and become more autonomous.
- Do not leave everything within reach. Watch out for his safety! The little game of "throw everything" involves risks. Take care to put the dangerous objects out of reach. Your hands-on will have plenty of time to discover them.
It's your turn !
Offer him new objects ... to bring down!
• Sitting on the ground leave a leaf in front of him, then a breadcrumb. Worn by the air, the first twirl, when the second falls right.
• Now tie the bread apple to a string. Make it fall: surprise, it hangs on the wire without making noise. Fascinating!
• Stand on a hard floor. Give your child a tennis ball, then a spoon he will not fail to throw. The first bounces with a felted noise, the second causes a real din. Astonishing!
• Offer him an exchange now. Roll a ball to him, he'll grab it and maybe throw it where he likes. Repeat: by mimicry, it will eventually revive you in turn.
Suzanne Perinelli with Laurence Vaivre-Douret, university professor in developmental psychology, and Ouriel Rosenblum, child psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.